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As you put your drum kit together, you will certainly want to add a snare drum to your mix. Also called a side drum, this versatile tool delivers a wide range of sounds. From the standard wire-enhanced snare sound, to the time-honored rim shot. Let’s take a look at this integral tool and how various factors affect its sound and durability. Our goal is to help you select the right snare drum for your style.
The depth of the drum affects the depth of the sound. Most are 5 to 6 inches deep, though some go as deep as 8 inches, with a corresponding depth of sound. Standard snare drums are 5 inches deep with a 14 inch diameter, and are the mainstay size for jazz, country, and rock drummers. These are featured on the kits of those playing metal/heavy metal and funk.
Likewise for diameter. A smaller diameter drum will have a higher pitch than a larger diameter head. Again, it's something you have to hear for yourself to see if it's a sound you want. The combination of shell diameter and depth makes its own sonic footprint.
Deep snares are sometimes used as alternatives on rock kits, or on drum and bass set ups. Piccolo snare drums are typically just 3 inches deep with a 13 inch diameter, which keeps the sound crisper with a higher pitch. Piccolos tend to be more prominent on the kits of drummers playing pop, reggae, jazz and hip-hop. A lighter, brighter sound is achieved, and the piccolo is often used as a second or alternative snare on the kit.
Snare drums produce different sounds based on the materials they are composed of. Jazz snare drums are usually made of brass or wood, with maple being the predominant material. This gives the drum a rich, deep sound. Rockers like snare drums made of stainless steel and that distinct and louder sound helps it be heard against electric guitar riffs. Metal drummers and punk rockers like a snare drum that makes a lot of noise at higher pitch. And it must handle some pretty heavy action. Their snare drums usually feature materials like aluminum, bronze, brass, or synthetics like carbon fiber or acrylic.
The drumhead the drummer strikes will greatly affect the sound. Funk drummers like a tightly tuned head made of durable material that will deliver immediate, full-bodied sound. Those favoring punk seem to prefer a tighter set up that produces crisper action and sound. Jazz drummers usually outfit their snares with a textured drumhead that enhances the nuanced, muffled sound they want. And rockers want a slightly muffled sound rippling through a heavy drumhead. For them, the right drum head gives the snare more “thump” and less “crack.”
More tightly tuned heads will prove less durable, regardless of material. But the difference is not so great that you should let it affect your set up. Tune the head to your style, and let it rip. Most heads will give you a decent return on your investment.
As you put your set together, or select a snare drum for an existing set, consider your needs and style. Then choose the right snare drum that will deliver the sound you are looking for.